Functional Order: Fe-Ni-Se-Ti
Judging Functional Axis:
Extroverted Feeling (Fe) / Introverted Thinking (Ti)
Jem starts out in the book as the “ringleader” and caretaker of his younger sister, sometimes leading her into trouble, and frustrating her with his sense of “moral superiority.” As the story progresses, Jem begins to develop a strong moral character that has no problem objecting to the decisions of his loved ones or friends (telling Dill he should not have run away from home, and scared his folks like that). At the trial, Jem sits up in the “black section” to watch, and feels the emotions of those around him keenly. Throughout much of the story, he is overly-emotional and full of anger and doubt, something his father says “will pass in time,” once he gets his feelings sorted out. Jem is more socially conscious and aware of other people than Scout, which is often a point of contention between them (such as when he takes her to school, and is glad she won’t be “hanging around” with him in public). Jem’s disillusionment after the trial causes him to fall into a Ti grip, in which he recklessly suggests they abolish the entire judicial system, because he finds it corrupt and useless. Why not just get rid of it? This overreaction isn’t feasible in a real world sense, but makes him feel better.
Perceiving Functional Axis:
Introverted Intuition (Ni) / Extroverted Sensing (Se)
Much like his father, Jem is an idealist. He believes in a better world than the one that actually exists. Despite all evidence to the contrary, Jem is convinced that his father’s evidence is going to “make them win.” He truly believes the jury will release the prisoner… and when they fall into the racist stereotypes of the time period, and convict him anyway, Jem is completely blindsided. He faces an internal crisis of anger, resentment, and disappointment, because the world isn’t as he wants it to be. His sensate skills leave much to be desired, but he does exercise them – through loving sports and actively playing with his friends and with Scout, through risk-taking and opportunism. In one imprudent decision, Jem eats a dozen bananas, hoping to gain enough weight to play ball next season.
Through the first half of the story, Jem shows the typical traits of a preteen boy – reckless behavior, teasing his sister, getting into trouble, and risk-taking. He “never turns down a dare.” But as the story progresses, he sees what genuine bravery looks like – not in touching the side of Boo Radley’s house, but in facing down a mad dog, in his father doing the right thing in facing the entire town and tackling a case he knew would backfire, and in taking care of his sister. Jem starts to change, and shape himself more into the image of his father. He develops 1 attributes of strong moral principles, a refusal to participate in anything he deems “bad” (telling off Dill for worrying his mother by running away without letting her know his destination); he doesn’t mind when Dill and Scout get angry at him for this, and ignores their disapproval. His outrage over the trial is mostly motivated by his incredulousness that people would allow racism to prevent them from doing the right thing. He is motivated by duty and a desire to change the world for the better. At his worst moments, Jem descends into 4 disintegration – he becomes moody, self-centered, melancholic, and overly-emotional. His 2 wing is bossy, assertive, and free with his opinions, often correcting others and finding ways to help them.