Functional Order: Ni-Te-Fi-Se

Perceiving Functional Axis:

Introverted Intuition (Ni) / Extroverted Sensing (Se)

Gandalf once considered Saruman “the wisest of our kind,” a wizard who could look ahead, plan for contingencies, and give deep, probing insights. In The Hobbit, he still shows some of these traits, intuitively reading the situation in the White Council and inferring that Gandalf is helping the dwarves upon a “reckless quest.” By the time of The Lord of the Rings, Saruman has turned his futuristic vision toward serving Sauron – envisioning a future where surrender and assistance to the dark lord is the “only” choice they have. Saruman cleverly intuitively understands Gandalf and his fears, and steers them into Moria where he believes the Balrog will end Gandalf. His inferior Se shows in his inability to adapt when the Ents storm Orthanc and flood his tower, and his overall passivity – staying safe, warm, and comfortable in his fortress while the events of Middle-earth form around him; using his visionary prowess rather than physical labor to accomplish things, through his Urûk-Hai (a race he breeds himself for war).

Judging Functional Axis:

Extroverted Thinking (Te) / Introverted Feeling (Fi)

Saruman has biting, rational judgments to draw about everyone, and does not mince his words – Radagast in his opinion has rotted his brain with drink; Gríma Wormtongue “stinks of horse” (and desperation); Gandalf has become an old fool and chosen the wrong side. He uses tactical maneuvers to accomplish his task – breeding a new race that can run in sunlight and cover long distances, to give him an edge in the coming war and fell Rohan; taking over Théoden’s mind and controlling him through possession; offering Gríma what he wants (Éowyn) in exchange for his “silver tongue.” His motives are all driven by his own desire for power and survival.

Enneagram: 5w4 self-preservation

Gandalf roams Middle-earth. Radagast looks after the animals in the forest. Saruman lives in his fortress, surrounded by his books, scrolls, and knowledge, hoarding his resources and enriching his mind, without giving anything back to Middle-earth. He does not often engage in the outside world, and does so with hesitation – but he trusts his own intellect and mind, he makes absolute decisions without fear, and when he decides to act, he does so without hesitation. His 4 wing is arrogant and sees Gandalf’s delight in the hobbits as pedantic and immature; Saruman is convinced he is higher than Gandalf, has more wisdom and greater intellectual tastes. He takes his sense of feeling different and transforms it into elitism.